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Applications of Blockchain - What You Need to Know

Interested in learning about the real-world applications of blockchain technology? Check out this in-depth guide to the many ways blockchain is being used to transform industries and create new opportunities.

Blockchain technology is much more than just the foundation of cryptocurrencies. In this in-depth guide to the applications of blockchain, we'll explore the many ways this technology is being used to create new opportunities and transform industries.

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Applications of Blockchain in Banking & Finance

International Payments


One of the key benefits of blockchain technology is its ability to create a secure and tamper-proof record of sensitive transactions, which makes it an ideal solution for international payments and money transfers. For instance, in April 2018, Banco Santander made history by launching the world's first blockchain-based money transfer service called "Santander One Pay FX." The service uses Ripple's xCurrent technology to enable customers to make same-day or next-day international money transfers.

By leveraging the benefits of blockchain technology, Santander has been able to automate the entire process of international money transfers, reducing the number of intermediaries typically required in these transactions, and thus making the process more efficient. As a result, this has decreased the cost of international money transfers for its retail clients, who would benefit from more efficient and cheaper payments. The use of blockchain technology has enabled the bank to reduce the need for manual settlement of transactions, which in turn has made the process of money transfers more seamless and cost-effective.

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Capital Markets

Blockchain-based systems have the potential to revolutionize capital markets by providing several benefits, as highlighted in a report by McKinsey. Some of these benefits include faster clearing and settlement, consolidated audit trail, and operational improvements.

To harness these advantages, startup Axoni was established in 2013 and has been developing blockchain-based solutions tailored specifically for capital market enhancement. Their latest achievement is the launch of a distributed ledger network, which facilitates equity swap transactions by synchronizing both sides of the trade in real-time throughout their lifecycle. This innovative solution allows changes made to one side to be communicated to the other party instantly, providing a more efficient and streamlined transaction process.

Trade Finance

Traditional trade financing methods have long been a significant challenge for businesses, causing interruptions in operations and making liquidity management difficult due to their sluggish processes. Cross-border trade, in particular, presents numerous challenges in terms of communicating information, including the country of origin and product details and generating a high volume of documentation for transactions.

Fortunately, blockchain technology offers a solution to streamline trade finance deals and simplify the process across borders. With its decentralized architecture, blockchain facilitates more accessible and secure transactions between enterprises beyond regional or geographic boundaries. By leveraging blockchain, businesses can seamlessly transact with each other without the need for intermediaries, reducing costs and increasing efficiency. This technology also enables real-time tracking and verification of trade transactions, eliminating the need for complex and time-consuming paperwork. As a result, businesses can have more visibility and control over their trade financing, enabling them to better manage their liquidity and scale their operations.

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Regulatory Compliance and Audit

The unparalleled security features of blockchain technology make it a valuable tool for accounting and auditing as it greatly reduces the likelihood of human errors and ensures the authenticity and reliability of the records. In addition to this, once the account records are verified and added to the blockchain, they become immutable, meaning no one, including the record owners, can alter them.

While this level of security offers undeniable benefits, the downside is that the widespread adoption of blockchain technology could ultimately render auditors redundant and result in the loss of jobs. Despite this concern, many experts argue that the integration of blockchain technology in the accounting and auditing sectors could increase efficiency and accuracy, allowing auditors to focus on more complex and analytical tasks, ultimately improving the quality of financial reporting.

Money Laundering Protection

The encryption technology that forms the foundation of blockchain once again proves to be a valuable tool in the fight against money laundering. The technology provides an efficient and secure method for record-keeping, making it possible to establish and maintain a comprehensive "Know Your Customer (KYC)" process. KYC is the process by which businesses verify the identity of their clients and ensure they comply with anti-money laundering regulations.

Blockchain's ability to secure and validate data makes it an ideal platform for KYC, which relies on accurate and verified data to detect fraudulent activity and deter money laundering. As a result, blockchain technology's transparency and immutability properties play a crucial role in preventing illegal activities, and it has become an essential tool in the ongoing battle against financial crimes.


Undoubtedly, the most significant benefit that blockchain technology can bring to the insurance industry is through the use of smart contracts. These automated contracts enable both insurance providers and customers to handle insurance claims in a secure and transparent manner. With all contracts and claims being recorded on the blockchain, the network can validate them and ensure that only legitimate claims are accepted, while rejecting any invalid claims. By removing the need for intermediaries, such as brokers or lawyers, smart contracts can reduce processing time, enhance accuracy, and lower costs.

One prominent example of this is openIDL, a blockchain network created in partnership with the American Association of Insurance Services, built on the IBM Blockchain Platform. openIDL is revolutionizing the insurance industry by automating regulatory reporting and compliance requirements, reducing paperwork and bureaucracy, and improving transparency and trust between insurers and customers. By leveraging the benefits of blockchain technology, openIDL is transforming the way the insurance industry operates, paving the way for more efficient and effective insurance services in the future.

Peer-to-Peer Transactions

Peer-to-peer (P2P) payment solutions, like Venmo, have revolutionized the way people transfer money. Nevertheless, these services are not without their limitations. Certain platforms impose transaction limits based on geographic location, while others levy fees for their usage. Furthermore, there are security concerns related to data privacy and vulnerability to hacking, making it challenging for customers to entrust their financial information to these platforms.

Fortunately, the blockchain's unique features, including its decentralized architecture, immutability, and security protocols, can help resolve these issues, enabling seamless, secure, and borderless P2P transactions. By leveraging blockchain technology, P2P payment solutions can unlock new possibilities, eliminate transaction fees, and enhance security while offering greater flexibility to users to transact freely and with confidence.


Applications of Blockchain in Business

Supply Chain Management

The immutable nature of blockchain technology makes it an ideal solution for tracking goods in real time as they move through the supply chain, changing hands at each stage. By leveraging blockchain, companies transporting these goods can benefit from a range of options. The information recorded on a blockchain can be used to trigger events throughout the supply chain, including assigning goods to various shipping containers when they arrive at a port. Blockchain offers a novel and flexible way to manage tracking data and put it into action, enabling companies to streamline their operations and improve the efficiency of their supply chains.


When it comes to utilizing blockchain for healthcare purposes, suitable data includes general information such as age, gender, and basic medical history data like vital signs or immunization records. This data can be stored on a shared blockchain, which allows for easy access by multiple individuals without compromising patient privacy. Since the information on its own cannot uniquely identify any specific patient, it is an ideal fit for this technology.

As specialized medical devices become more prevalent and are linked to a patient's health record, blockchain can be leveraged to connect these devices to the record. These devices can store the data they generate on a healthcare blockchain and append it to a patient's personal medical records. Currently, connected medical devices suffer from data silos, which presents a major challenge. However, blockchain can serve as the vital link that bridges these silos, paving the way for more efficient data sharing and ultimately improving patient outcomes.

Real Estate

The real estate market is characterized by frequent homeowner turnover, with an average homeowner selling their home every five to seven years and an average individual moving approximately 12 times over the course of their lifetime. Given the frequency of movement within the real estate market, the adoption of blockchain technology could significantly benefit the industry. Blockchain has the potential to accelerate the process of selling a home by expediting the verification of financial information, thus streamlining the transaction process.

Additionally, blockchain's advanced encryption techniques could reduce the incidence of fraudulent activity in the real estate market. By providing transparent, immutable records of all transactions, blockchain could also offer increased transparency throughout the entire buying and selling process. Overall, the integration of blockchain technology could potentially revolutionize the real estate industry, offering benefits such as increased efficiency, security, and transparency.


Media companies have recognized the potential benefits of blockchain technology in various aspects of their operations, such as combating fraud, reducing costs, and safeguarding intellectual property (IP) rights of creative works, including music recordings. Market research firm MarketWatch predicts that the global blockchain market for media and entertainment will expand to $1.54 billion by 2024.

One standout platform that has embraced blockchain technology in the media industry is Eluvio, Inc. Since its official launch in 2019, the Eluvio Content Fabric has been utilizing blockchain to facilitate the management and distribution of premium video content to consumers and business partners, eliminating the need for traditional content delivery networks.

Recently, the platform has garnered attention from MGM Studios, a major player in the entertainment industry. MGM has enlisted the help of Eluvio's platform to enable "global streaming to web, mobile, and TV everywhere audiences of 'certain properties.'" This partnership highlights the growing adoption of blockchain technology in the media and entertainment sector and its potential to revolutionize the industry.


PWC suggests that blockchain technology could serve as a viable option for executing energy supply transactions, and additionally provide a foundation for metering, billing, and clearing processes. The implementation of blockchain technology could also potentially be applied to a wide range of use cases, including documenting ownership, managing assets, ensuring origin guarantees, issuing emission allowances, and managing renewable energy certificates.

By using blockchain technology, these processes could be streamlined, transparent, and more secure, as it allows for data to be stored in an immutable and decentralized manner. As a result, it offers significant potential for the energy sector to reduce transaction costs, increase efficiency, and enable more sustainable energy practices.


Applications of Blockchain in Government

Record Management

The responsibility of maintaining records of individuals' vital information, including details such as birth and death dates, marital status, and property transfers, rests with national, state, and local governments. However, managing this vast amount of data can often prove to be a cumbersome and challenging task, with some records still existing only in paper form. Furthermore, citizens frequently encounter issues when updating their records, often requiring them to make an in-person visit to their local government offices, which can be both time-consuming and inconvenient.

Fortunately, the emergence of blockchain technology has the potential to revolutionize this record-keeping process and provide a more secure and streamlined solution. By leveraging the decentralized nature of blockchain, governments can store data in a tamper-proof and transparent manner, allowing for more efficient access and management of records. Moreover, the use of blockchain-based systems could enable citizens to update their records securely and remotely, eliminating the need for physical visits to government offices and reducing the associated frustrations and delays.

Identity Management

Those who advocate for the adoption of blockchain technology for identity management purposes assert that if enough relevant data is stored on the blockchain, individuals would only be required to provide essential information, such as their date of birth, to authenticate their identities. The underlying rationale for this claim is that by recording various identity-related information on the blockchain, a comprehensive and immutable record of an individual's identity can be established, which can be accessed and verified by authorized entities without the need for additional information or documentation.

This approach is deemed to offer a more streamlined and secure identity verification process while also safeguarding the privacy and autonomy of individuals. However, some critics argue that the feasibility and effectiveness of blockchain-based identity management systems are still under scrutiny and that additional measures need to be implemented to ensure the protection of user data and prevent potential security breaches.


The implementation of blockchain technology has the potential to enhance the accessibility of the voting process, all while fortifying its security measures. The technology's distributed nature ensures that hackers are unable to interfere with the voting system, even if they manage to compromise a single node or terminal. Each vote cast would be associated with a unique and verifiable identification code, making it impossible to create fraudulent identities or tamper with the outcome.

This would allow government officials to tally votes with greater efficiency and accuracy, providing a more reliable and democratic electoral process. Furthermore, the immutability of blockchain ensures that the voting records cannot be altered, creating a permanent and transparent record of the election results. By leveraging the capabilities of blockchain technology, the potential for voter fraud and interference can be significantly minimized, fostering greater trust and confidence in democratic processes.


With the sufficient storage of data on a blockchain, the use of blockchain technology has the potential to streamline the laborious process of tax filing, which is notoriously vulnerable to human error. By leveraging blockchain technology, all tax-related transactions and records can be stored on a decentralized, secure platform, thereby reducing the need for intermediaries and enabling faster and more efficient processing of tax returns.

In addition to providing a higher degree of transparency and security, blockchain technology could potentially allow tax authorities to access information quickly and accurately, reducing the possibility of fraud and errors in the tax filing process. Overall, the use of blockchain technology in taxation has the potential to revolutionize the way we approach tax filing and compliance.

Non-Profit Agencies

Blockchain technology has the potential to address the growing anti-trust challenges that charities are encountering by providing increased transparency. By leveraging blockchain, Non-Profit Organizations (NPOs) can demonstrate to donors that the funds they contribute are being utilized as intended, thereby increasing trust and confidence. Moreover, blockchain can help NPOs optimize their allocation of funds, manage their resources more effectively, and improve their ability to track donations and their utilization. With the help of blockchain, NPOs can enhance their credibility and accountability, and ultimately improve their overall efficiency and effectiveness in achieving their mission.

Compliance/Regulatory Oversight

Recordkeeping is the backbone of regulatory oversight, and failure to maintain accurate records can have severe repercussions for businesses. Therefore, complying with regulations is a must for all companies. With the advent of blockchain technology, record updates can be made available to both regulators and businesses in real time, leading to quicker identification of red flags and inconsistencies.

This timely access to information can help reduce time lags and improve the efficiency of regulatory oversight, ultimately ensuring a more transparent and compliant business environment. By implementing blockchain technology, companies can better streamline their recordkeeping processes and increase the accuracy and accessibility of their data, thus minimizing the risk of regulatory violations and potential penalties.

Applications of Blockchain in Other Industries

Financial Management and Accounting

Given the blockchain's demonstrated strength and stability over the past few years, it is understandable that customers who are worried about financial fraud would find the concept of such impregnable security appealing. The potential benefits of utilizing a blockchain-based system are numerous, including enhanced transparency and accountability, reduced costs, and increased efficiency. In addition, blockchain technology is decentralized, meaning that there is no central authority that can be compromised or manipulated, further bolstering the system's security. As such, the blockchain has the potential to revolutionize a range of industries and change the way we conduct transactions, making them more secure, reliable, and trustworthy.

Record Management

As mentioned before, the encryption that is essential to blockchain makes it very useful for record management because it avoids duplicates, false entries, and similar things.


One of the most significant benefits of using blockchain technology in the realm of cybersecurity is its ability to eliminate the potential for a single point of failure. In a traditional security architecture, if one point is breached or fails, the entire system is compromised. However, with blockchain, the decentralized network ensures that each participant in the network has a copy of the same information. Therefore, even if one node in the network fails or is attacked, the information remains intact and accessible to other nodes.

Another advantage of blockchain technology in cybersecurity is its provision of end-to-end encryption and privacy. Each transaction on a blockchain network is encrypted, and the information is only accessible to authorized parties. This ensures that sensitive data remains confidential and secure, minimizing the risk of unauthorized access, tampering, or manipulation of data. Therefore, blockchain technology is considered one of the most secure and trustworthy solutions for protecting sensitive information and preventing cyber-attacks.

Big Data

The property of immutability that is inherent to the blockchain, coupled with the continuous verification of information across all computers connected to the network, renders the blockchain an ideal solution for storing large datasets. The distributed ledger technology behind blockchain enables data to be stored securely and transparently without the risk of alteration or tampering. The decentralized nature of the blockchain network ensures that there is no central point of failure, thereby improving the security of the data stored on the network. As a result, blockchain technology offers immense potential for handling and managing vast amounts of data in a variety of industries, including finance, healthcare, supply chain, and many more.

Data Storage

The fundamental principles that govern big data analysis and management are equally relevant to the domain of data storage.


Blockchain technology has the potential to revolutionize several areas in the Internet of Things (IoT) industry, such as the supply chain and asset tracking. The supply chain can benefit from blockchain by tracking the location of goods during shipment and ensuring that they remain under specific conditions. Similarly, asset tracking can be improved by using blockchain to monitor machinery and assets, recording their activity and output instead of relying on cloud-based solutions.

Despite the vast potential for blockchain in these areas, its integration into the IoT industry is still largely dependent on the growth of startups. These new companies are responsible for developing and implementing the necessary blockchain infrastructure and solutions, as many established enterprises have been slow to adopt this emerging technology. As a result, the successful integration of blockchain into the IoT industry is contingent upon the progress and success of these startups.

The Future of Blockchain

The future of blockchain technology holds tremendous potential and is likely to shape various aspects of our lives, economies, and industries. As the technology continues to evolve, several trends and possibilities emerge:

- Mass Adoption: Blockchain is expected to see broader adoption across various industries, including finance, supply chain, healthcare, real estate, and more. As more organizations and governments recognize its benefits, blockchain applications may become an integral part of everyday life.

- Interoperability: Interoperability between different blockchain networks will become essential for seamless data and value transfer across ecosystems. Solutions that enable cross-chain communication and interoperability will foster collaboration and innovation.

- Scalability Solutions: Scalability remains a challenge for many blockchain platforms. Innovative solutions and layer 2 protocols (e.g., Lightning Network, sidechains) will emerge to increase transaction throughput and reduce latency.

- Improved Privacy and Security: Advancements in privacy-focused blockchain protocols (e.g., zero-knowledge proofs, secure multi-party computation) will enhance data privacy and confidentiality while maintaining transparency.

- Enterprise Blockchain Solutions: More companies and enterprises will adopt private and permissioned blockchain networks to streamline operations, reduce costs, and enhance security.

- Decentralized Finance (DeFi): DeFi applications are already gaining significant traction. In the future, DeFi is expected to continue expanding, offering a wide range of financial services accessible to anyone with an internet connection.

- Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs): NFTs have already revolutionized the art, gaming, and collectibles industries. They will continue to find applications in intellectual property rights, virtual real estate, and digital identities.

- Digital Currencies and Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs): The rise of cryptocurrencies may lead to the development and widespread adoption of central bank digital currencies (CBDCs), enabling governments to explore new monetary policies and payment systems.

- Smart Cities and Internet of Things (IoT): Blockchain technology can facilitate the creation of smart cities and enhance the security and efficiency of IoT devices by enabling secure and decentralized data sharing.

- Green and Sustainable Blockchain Solutions: With growing environmental concerns, there will be an increased focus on developing eco-friendly consensus mechanisms and energy-efficient blockchain networks.

- Regulatory Frameworks: As blockchain becomes more mainstream, governments will continue to develop regulatory frameworks to address legal and security concerns while fostering innovation.

- Blockchain in Governance: Blockchain-based voting systems and governance models will enhance transparency, reduce fraud, and empower citizens to participate more actively in decision-making processes.

- Education and Research: Blockchain education and research will expand, leading to a better understanding of the technology's potential and driving further innovations.

Overall, the future of blockchain is likely to be characterized by increased adoption, innovation, and integration into various industries and aspects of our lives. While challenges remain, ongoing research and development will pave the way for a more efficient, secure, and decentralized digital future.


As blockchain technology continues to evolve and mature, its potential for transforming industries and creating new opportunities is only increasing. From improving supply chain transparency to enhancing identity verification and more, blockchain is already being used to solve some of the world's most pressing challenges. As businesses and organizations continue to adopt blockchain, we can expect to see even more exciting applications of this technology emerge in the years to come. Follow for more blockchain updates.

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